‘Telling the reader’ means giving the reader the conclusion they would draw, without giving them any of the actions or thoughts or descriptions that would lead them to that conclusion.
Yeah, Patricia C Wrede knows how it is. And should be writing writing books for a living. In addition to her fantasy, of course. But, failing that, we’ve got her blog to turn to.
Bonus: Is the World Getting Worse?
TLDR: The world is a lot greater than most of us think. And we’re 99% less likely to get hit by lightning than 100 years ago.